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16th/17th C. Wanli Period Chinese Export Kraak Blue & White 'Deer' Plate, 8.25" DIA


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    • 16th/17th C. Wanli Period Chinese Export Kraak Blue & White 'Deer' Plate, 8.25" DIA

      Details & Specifications

      16th/17th C. Wanli Period Chinese Export Kraak Blue & White 'Deer' Plate, 8.25" DIA

      Lot 208 - Wanli Period c. 1575-1620, Ming Dynasty. Painted to the center with a pair of deer beneath a fruit tree in a landscape scene , the cavetto decorated with panels enclosing floral sprays.
      ANNOUNCEMENT TO ALL NEW BIDDERS - New Rules & Policies are in Effect!
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      This applies to all bidders, new and known...
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      Image Gallery


      Video Gallery

      Exhibit A - Video of Item in Studio Lighting
      Lot 208 - Kraak Plate


      Private estate of an Asian art collector in Fairfield, CT who also possessed dozens of items from the J.P. Morgan Collection. We will be selling some of those pieces as well in the coming weeks ahead.

      Bubble Signatures
      In Tony Allen's book, "Allen's Authentication of Later Chinese Porcelain (1796 - 1999AD)", one of the unmistakable ways to determine fakes from authentic mark and period porcelains, is by looking closely at the bubble signatures in the glaze. These small bubbles can be seen with a loupe and they are present in authentic antique ceramics as well as modern fakes, albeit with a few key differences. 

      Modern fakes have a bubble signature that appears more like fine granulated salt or what Tony describes as a very fine 'icing sugar'. Depending on the magnification, the bubbles might not even be visible through the loupe. Modern bubble signatures are extremely small, dense, and show no variation in bubble size. This is because modern fakes are all fired in electric kilns that distribute heat evenly throughout the kiln, and with exact and consistent temperature control throughout the firing. 

      Authentic antique glazed ceramics, both porcelain and pottery have bubble signatures that are quite the opposite of modern fakes. These signatures have 'countable bubbles' that can be easily seen through a loupe of at least 10x magnification. The bubbles vary in size, and density. This is due to the nature of the kilns where they were fired. Wood fired kilns have variations in temperature throughout the kiln and due to the absence of electronic controls, temperatures would invariably fluctuate throughout the firing. Uneven distribution of heat throughout the kiln is what causes the variations in size and density of the glaze bubbles. The two methods of firing have distinct and unmistakable outcomes for bubble signatures in the glaze. The one thing that modern copies cannot fake, is the physics of the firing process.

      Exhibit B - Examples of Bubble Signatures in Tony Allen's Book
      Tony Allen's Book Published in 2013
      'Countable Bubbles', p. 55
      'Countable Bubbles', p. 95
      'Icing Sugar Bubbles' (Modern Fake), p. 96
      In efforts to document glaze bubble signatures in Chinese ceramics, Room Tonic will be including glaze bubble signatures of porcelains and pottery where glaze is present and where it is useful and practical to do so. 

      The size of the bubbles compared to Lots 206 and 207 suggests that this plate could be considerably older than the Wanli period.

      Exhibit C - Glaze Bubble Signature of Item
      Lot 208-A
      Lot 208-B
      Lot 208-C
      Lot 208-D
      For reference purposes, we have included microscopic glaze bubble images of one of the world's most iconic blue and white porcelain vessels, Augustus the Strong's "Dragoneer" Vase on display at the Peabody Essex Museum of Salem, Massachusetts. The microscopic images below show us all what a bubble signature looks like on Chinese porcelains circa 1710.

      Exhibit D - Bubble Signature Example of Augustus the Strong's Soldier Vase
      Museum Placard 
      Front View of Covered Vase
      Diagonal View of Covered Vase
      Profile View with Area of Focus
      Area of Focus Zoomed into the Dragon's Eye
      Bubble Signature of the Dragon's Eye
      Close-Up of Bubble Signature
      Zoomed Out View of Bubble Signature
      Augustus the Strong's Soldier Vase
      The term 'soldier vase' stems from an unusual diplomatic exchange between Augustus the Strong of Saxony and Frederick the Great of Prussia in 1717. Augustus traded 600 cavalrymen, known as dragoons, for a collection of 150 Chinese porcelain vases. Many of which were massive in size exceeding three feet in height. Since that time, large scale porcelain vases have come to be known as soldier vases or sometimes, dragoon vases.

      In his article, Augustus The Strong "Dragoneer" Vase, Asian art ceramics expert and founder of, Jan-Erik Nilsson states, "...that in the history of Chinese porcelain there is only a few pieces that are so famous that they have got individual names." As one example, he identifies the "David Vases" at the Percival David Foundation in London. By any measure, these vases are probably the most famous and well-known around the world. He goes on to say that, "…the only other pieces I can think of is the "Dragoneer-vases" of Augustus the Strong of Sachsony (Saxony)".  

      Condition Report

      Excellent condition with no hairlines, chips, or repairs. The dish has minor fritting, kiln grit, and other small firing flaws to be expected of a plate from this time period.

      Exhibit E - Supplemental Photos
      Front of Plate in UV light
      Back of Plate in UV light

      Exhibit F - Video Clips of Item in UV Light

      Lot 208 - Kraak Plate in UV Light
      For comparison purposes, we've included photo images below of a Canton plate with defects under UV light with the same exposure as taken with the images above. The Canton plate is not included as part of this auction sale listing.

      Exhibit G - Canton Plate with Defects in UV Light for Comparison Purposes Only
      Front of Canton Plate
      Back of Canton Plate
      Hairline and Firing Crack
      Rim Chips and Interior Foot Repair

      About Us

      Room Tonic is pleased to present some of the finest 18th and 19th Century Chinese Export porcelain as well as other Asian art and antique items from New England's finest estates and private collections. We have Chinese Export items from the Ming and Qing dynasties. We have bought and sold pieces as early as the Jaijing, Longqing, and Wanli periods to the Transitional and Kangxi periods, and those periods that followed under emperors Yongzheng, Qianlong, Jiaqing, Daoguang, Xianfeng, Tongzhi, Guangxu, and Republic period wares as well. As illustrated above, all items are inspected for an accurate account of item age and condition. Any piece bearing hairline cracks or chips will be highlighted and disclosed in the Description and Condition Report above. Many of the items up for auction will have varying degrees of enamel wear and gilding loss. Please inspect all photo images closely before bidding.

      Below are next week's listings... Look for them weekly at 8pm EST  on Thursday evening.
      Blue & White Wares
      18th C. Famille Rose Ware
      Christie's Nanking Cargo
      19th C. Rose Mandarin Wares

      Current Exhibitions
      Comparative Hell: Arts of Asian Underworlds

      Between February 28th, 2023 through May 7th, 2023, the Asia Society and Museum located at 725 Park Avenue, New York, NY, will be exhibiting The first comprehensive exhibition in the United States to explore portrayals of hell across the Asian religious traditions of Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, and Islam, Comparative Hell: Arts of Asian Underworlds, examines how systems of belief and the underworlds within them are manifest in the rich artistic creations of Asia.

      Exceptional and visually stunning artworks explore the impact of conceptions of hell on Asian visual culture over time. Didactic paintings, sculptures, and sacred objects introduce the notions of Buddhist, Hindu, Jain, and Islamic cosmology, as well as ideas about judgment, punishment, and salvation after death—many of which are shared by these traditions. Exhibition artworks portray religious threats of fiery torture as a means to shape values and beliefs, to instill virtuous behavior, and to encourage atonement for sins—reflecting a universal human desire for spiritual transformation.

      The exhibition is accompanied by an illustrated catalogue with contributions by curator and editor, Adriana Proser, and esteemed scholars Geok Yian Goh, Phyllis Granoff, Christiane Gruber, Michelle Yun Mapplethorpe, and D. Max Moerman.

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      There is a myth out there that combined shipping saves money. Let's dispel that myth right now. We are shipping porcelain and fragile works of artWe pack them carefully and we often double box items. This increases costs. Do not expect to see savings by consolidating items for combined shipping. Individual items are already packed at the time of the listing. In some cases, we don't have boxes big enough to consolidate all the items that eBay automatically combined for shipping on your behalf. Combined shipping increases dim weights, box sizes, shipping rates, and ultimately our costs, of which, we are unable to pass on to our winning bidders. Please note, under no circumstances will we combine shipping to include items closing in the following week. You win, you pay, we ship immediately. No exceptions!

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      New items, Open Box items, and Used/Like New Condition items are eligible for return if authorized and approved by Room Tonic within 14 days after either (a) the close of each auction or (b) the date of purchase of an item sold on the ‘Buy It Now’ buying format. Buyer will be given a Return Merchandise Authorization number which must be labeled on the packaging of the item eligible for return. The approved item must be shipped back to Room Tonic within three (3) business days of the RMA being issued. Failure of Buyer to provide a tracking number to Room Tonic of the item being returned within this three-day return shipping window will forfeit their RMA and the approval for return and refund will be revoked. Room Tonic must receive the item(s) being returned within seven (7) days of being shipped. If item(s) are not received within the seven-day return window, the item(s) will not be accepted, and their delivery will be refused and directed to be sent back to sender. Items must be shipped back in their original packaging and the items must be received in the same new condition as when they were originally packaged and shipped. Any signs of wear, nicks, scratches, or chips that were not previously disclosed will result in the Full Refund being reduced to a Partial Refund and the amount to be refunded will be determined solely by Room Tonic at Room Tonic’s discretion based on the altered condition, wear, or damage to the returned item(s), and Room Tonic’s ability to resell the item(s). Items that are sold as Used, Vintage, or Antique are sold “as-is” and they are not eligible for return or refund. Please ask all questions prior to bidding. Buyers are responsible for all return shipping costs. Item must be returned in the same condition as it was depicted in the photos and videos of its eBay Listing. If the buyer should receive an item that was damaged in transit, photos and video must be taken immediately in its original carton box and packaging. Refunds will not be granted without evidence of damage to the item and its original packaging, box, or carton.

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